TRIO Model for Entrepreneurship Education
The Trio Model is a holistic teaching system that encompasses three segments: “Core Entrepreneurial Education” comprises basic qualifications for entrepreneurial thinking and acting, more precisely the competence to develop and implement ideas. “Entrepreneurial Culture” refers to the promotion of personal competences in a social context. We speak of a culture of open-mindedness, empathy, teamwork and creativity as well as risk-taking and awareness of risks. “Entrepreneurial Civic Education” aims at enhancing social competences and empowering students in their role as citizens. After all, democratic thinking and self-reflection help young people express their opinions and assume responsibility for themselves, others and the environment.
There are a great variety of different competences. To provide a structured overview we have developed a reference framework with three main categories: “Developing Ideas” , “Implementing Ideas” and “Thinking Sustainability”. In addition to that we have grouped the competences according to teaching levels from A1 to C2. Competence descriptions for instance include “I can develop creative ideas” , “I can evaluate business risks using case studies” and “I can see ethical problems and solve them” . This multi-dimensional diversification makes it possible to set very precise goals for learning success.
In order to test whether students have acquired the relevant core competences, we offer several forms of assessment for all our challenges. An essential feature of our model is the self-assessment to be done at the end of the challenge. The students reflect on their own behaviour, using questions such as: Have I reached my goals? What role did I play in the group? How can I apply what I learned to my daily life? This self-assessment helps students assume responsibility and makes them aware of how important it is that they actively contribute to projects.
Personal growth through challenges
Our challenges focus on fostering certain competences in the areas of cognitive and personal development, economic education and ethical and social contexts. The 18 Challenge Families of the 3 TRIO segments cover a broad range of themes, activities and situations of entrepreneurship education, with one common goal: encouraging young people to be open to new ideas and to implement these ideas creatively.
We use a variety of tasks to work on issues such as initiative, motivation and innovation, confidence and social participation. Our download material is directed toward children on the primary level and students on the secondary levels I and II, with age-appropriate challenges for each of these groups.